Raised on a farm northeast of Cleveland, Carol Kovac knows that both her parents' ancestors came to America from Slovenia. An independent country since 1991, Slovenia spent much of history as part of the Holy Roman Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire or Yugoslavia.
"We can trace our family back only about three or four generations, all in Slovenia," said Carol. "This genographic study will be really interesting to me because Slovenia is really kind of a 'cross-roads' of a lot of civilizations."
Carol’s DNA puts her in Haplogroup H. The most common Haplogroup in all Europe, H is found in more than 40 percent of all European female DNA. Her genetic markers indicate that her ancestors probably retreated to southern France or northern Spain to survive the last ice age that ended almost 10,000 years ago.
H is the most widely found Haplogroup for females of European lineage. While H accounts for 40 to 45 percent of European females, no other group is found in more than low double digits.