In response to growing concerns about global climate change, the U.S. congress authorized the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Administered by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Information Administration, this program is an ideal means for Climate Wise Partners to track and be recognized for their emissions reduction achievements. IBM is one of the three industrial companies (GM and Johnson & Johnson are the other two) that started in the first reporting year 1995. Through this program, each year, IBM reports data on CO2 emissions (both direct and indirect) and CO2 reductions from all its U.S. operating facilities including manufacturing and development as well as non-manufacturing sales and distribution locations. In October 2000, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency fully integrated the Climate Wise and ENERGY STAR® Buildings programs into one ENERGY STAR program to provide all partners better access to energy star tools and technical resources making it easier to be competitive through strategic energy management and to protect the environment.
As per the 2003 Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases report filed with the DOE, IBM's estimated total CO2 emissions associated with energy consumption from all U.S. facilities were 1.72 million U.S. (short) tons. From these U.S. facilities, IBM avoided over 122,000 tons of CO2 emissions due to energy conservation projects.