The following diagram illustrates the scenario described in this article:
Figure 1. The full scenario
The requesting application communicates to an IBM® WebSphere® DataPower® XML Security Gateway XS40 (hereafter called the DataPower appliance) using SOAP over HTTP, with the message body encrypted to the WS-Security standard. The DataPower appliance decrypts the body of the message it receives, and this content is then passed to WebSphere Message Broker (hereafter called Message Broker) over a connection secured by HTTPS. Message Broker receives the SOAP message and transforms it into a COBOL structure for the final WebSphere MQ application. The responses then flow back in a similar fashion. The initial configuration uses simple HTTP between the DataPower appliance and Message Broker. The modifications to use HTTPS are performed as a second stage of the configuration.
The components described here can be placed within an SOA design pattern in which the DataPower appliance provisions WS-Security within the demilitarized zone that protects an enterprise.
Figure 2. The scenario aligned within a demilitarized zone
The following sections concentrate on the configuration of DataPower and on the relevant externals that Message Broker presents to DataPower.
Configuring the DataPower appliance
Figure 3. Focusing on the DataPower configuration
The DataPower appliance is configured with a simple XML firewall with a static backend that connects to the Message Broker’s HTTP listener. After the main page of the XML firewall is configured,an addition must be made to the Headers page before a processing policy is associated with the XML firewall. This processing policy provides the encryption and decryption of the SOAP body using the WS-Security standard. Figure 4 below shows the main configuration of the XML firewall with the following items configured:
- Name and summary
- Server address and port
- Device port
- Request and response type set to SOAP
Figure 4. Configuration of the XML firewall
Once the header has been configured as described in the next section, the firewall policy is added.
In the firmware version, the DataPower appliance generated two connection header tags. By adding suppression for this tag, only one connection header is sent by the DataPower appliance. Figure 5 shows the Headers page with the connection header tag suppressed in the "back" direction:
Figure 5. Configuring the headers
The processing policy includes just two rules: the Request rule decrypts the incoming message body, and the Response rule encrypts the message body of the reply.
Following the traditions of security literature, the keys used in this article are named AliceKey and BobKey. The requesting application sends messages encrypted with the AliceKey, and the DataPower appliance encrypts the reply with the BobKey.
Request (decryption) rule
The Request rule includes a match rule property and a decrypt action as in the following figure. The matching rule property matches on all URLs.
Figure 6. The decryption rule
The decrypt action is configured to decrypt the incoming message as determined from the WS-Security headers and information contained within the SOAP message. As the requesting application has encrypted the message with the AliceKey, it is used for decryption within the DataPower appliance.
Figure 7. The decryption action
Response (encryption) rule
The response rule performs the opposite, encrypting the messages flowing in this direction:
Figure 8. The encryption rule
The encryption action is configured to encrypt the SOAP message body using WS-Security, and it uses the predefined key BobKey:
Figure 9. The encryption action
The private half of the BobKey is owned by the requesting application, so that it can decrypt the message sent by the DataPower appliance.
Configuring Message Broker
On receiving a decrypted SOAP/HTTP message from the DataPower appliance, a message flow running in a Message Broker instance converts the incoming message into a fixed length message in a COBOL format, which is then processed by a separate WebSphere MQ application. The message is updated and passed to a second message flow, which converts the message into a SOAP/HTTP message containing the reply:
Figure 10. Focusing on the Message Broker function
The processing being performed is that of the Web services sample WSHOST, which is supplied with WebSphere Message Broker V6. For more information about this sample, go to the Message Broker toolkit and select Help => Samples Gallery on the Toolkit menu:
Figure 11. The two WebSphere Message Broker message flows
The first message flow processes the incoming SOAP/HTTP message after t has been decrypted by the DataPower appliance. After converting the message format and protocol, it writes an output message to a WebSphere MQ queue, which is read and processed by the WebSphere MQ application.
The second message flow receives the WebSphere MQ reply message from the WebSphere MQ application and converts the format and protocol of the input message into a SOAP/HTTP reply message. The reply message generated by the second message flow is passed to the DataPower appliance, so that it can be encrypted prior to being returned to the requesting application.
HTTP Input node properties
The input node properties show the URL on which this flow is configured to receive requests. The HTTPS box remains unchecked -- a later section enables it to complete the security.
WebSphere MQ application
The WebSphere MQ application provided with the WSHOST sample performs an MQ Get on its input queue waiting for messages from the broker. When one is received, it modifies the message and writes a reply to a queue that will be read by a message flow.
The following sections show the messages that flow within the system to and from the DataPower appliance. Figure 12 below shows the placement of these messages within the overall flow. Messages between Message Broker and the backend WebSphere MQ application are not shown.
Figure 12. Highlighting the messages described in this section
Message sent from the requesting application to the DataPower appliance
Shown below is the HTTP body of the message sent to the DataPower appliance by the requesting application. The real content of the message in its encrypted form is highlighted (in bold) and has been truncated for readability. For the full contents of this and subsequent messages, see Downloads below.
Message 1. The message sent from the application to the DataPower appliance
Message sent from the DataPower appliance to WMB
Here is the HTTP body of the message sent by the DataPower appliance to Message Broker. The body (in bold) has been decrypted to reveal the SOAP request:
Message 2. Message sent from the DataPower appliance to Message Broker
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:c="http://www.brokersamplewshost.ibm.com" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <soapenv:Header> <wsse:Security soapenv:mustUnderstand="1" xmlns:wsse="http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss- wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd"> </wsse:Security> </soapenv:Header> <soapenv:Body> <c:IA81CONFIN> <MessageId>IA81CONF</MessageId> <OrderNumber>ON4002</OrderNumber> <ItemReference>IY4003</ItemReference> <ItemQuantity>4</ItemQuantity> <CustomerNumber>CY4004</CustomerNumber> </c:IA81CONFIN> </soapenv:Body> </soapenv:Envelope>
Message sent from Message Broker to the DataPower appliance
Here is the HTTP body of the message returned by Message Broker to the DataPower appliance. For this return trip, two additional fields, DeliveryRef and Confirm (in bold), are included at the end of the message:
Message 3. Message sent from Message Broker to the DataPower appliance
<?xml version="1.0"?> <tns:Envelope xmlns:tns="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:NS1="http://www.brokersamplewshost.ibm.com" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <tns:Body> <NS1:IA81CONFOUT> <MessageId>IA81CONF</MessageId> <OrderNumber>ON4002</OrderNumber> <ItemReference>IY4003</ItemReference> <ItemQuantity>4</ItemQuantity> <CustomerNumber>CY4004</CustomerNumber> <DeliveryRef>JOHNCORP</DeliveryRef> <Confirm>Y</Confirm> </NS1:IA81CONFOUT> </tns:Body> </tns:Envelope>
Message sent by the DataPower appliance to the requesting application
The HTTP body of the message returned by the DataPower appliance to the requesting application follows a similar pattern to the first message sent to the DataPower appliance. The difference is that the contents of this message is encrypted using the return key. Decrypting this message would reveal the message sent by Message Broker.
Message 4. Message sent from the DataPower appliance to the application
Securing the connection between the DataPower appliance and Message Broker
Adding SSL support between the DataPower appliance and Message Broker completes the security of the connections between them:
Figure 13. Securing the link between the DataPower appliance and Message Broker
SSL enabling HTTP for Message Broker
To enable SSL for Message Broker, it must first be configured and assigned a certificate. For this article, a self-signed certificate within a key store is used by the Message Broker HTTP listener process. You could also use a certificate signed by a certificate authority. The broker is then configured to use this key store.
The Java ikeyman application is used to create the key store. To create a self-signed certificate stored within this key store, select New Self-Signed Certificate. For this article the following configuration is used:
Figure 14. The self-signed certificate in ikeyman
To provide the public half of this certificate to the the DataPower appliance, select Extract certificate. The following commands enable SSL, configure the key store, provide the password for this key store, and set the HTTPS port:
Listing 4. The commands to enable HTTPS in Message Broker
>mqsichangeproperties WBRK6_DEFAULT_BROKER -b httplistener -o HTTPListener -n enableSSLConnector -v true >mqsichangeproperties WBRK6_DEFAULT_BROKER -b httplistener -o HTTPSConnector -n keystoreFile -v "c:\Program Files\IBM\WMBv6.0\MyKeystore.jks" >mqsichangeproperties WBRK6_DEFAULT_BROKER -b httplistener -o HTTPSConnector -n keystorePass -v ******** >mqsichangeproperties WBRK6_DEFAULT_BROKER -b httplistener -o HTTPSConnector -n port -v 7083
The broker must be restarted for these changes to take effect within the HTTP listener process. You can then use the following two commands to verify the previous settings:
Listing 5. The commands report the HTTPS settings in Message Broker
>mqsireportproperties WBRK6_DEFAULT_BROKER -b httplistener -o HTTPListener -a HTTPListener='' uuid='HTTPListener' enableSSLConnector='true' traceLevel='none' traceSize='4194304' BIP8071I: Successful command completion. >mqsireportproperties WBRK6_DEFAULT_BROKER -b httplistener -o HTTPSConnector -a HTTPSConnector='' uuid='HTTPSConnector' keystoreFile='c:\Program Files\IBM\WMBv6.0\MyKeystore.jks' keystorePass='********' port='7083' BIP8071I: Successful command completion.
Enable the message flow for SSL
With the broker restarted, you can configure the HTTP input node for HTTPS and redeploy the message flow to the broker. Figure 15 shows the properties of the HTTP Input node within the message flow, with Use HTTPS checked:
Figure 15. Properties of the HTTP node with the Use HTTPS item checked
You can use the
netstat -a (or equivalent) command after Message Broker is restarted and an HTTPS flow is deployed, to confirm that the HTTP listener is listening on the configured port.
Configuring client-side SSL in the DataPower appliance
You must upload a certificate of the key generated for Message Broker into the DataPower appliance, which is added as a trusted server within an SSL profile that is then used for the SSL client crypto profile. To create and associate an SSL client crypto profile, select Create on the main XML Firewall configuration page. To configure the profile upload, then add the certificate exported from ikeyman to the Trusted Servers section of the crypto profile. Select the option to authenticate and validate the certificate. With this check the DataPower appliance can be trusted to connect only to trusted servers.
Figure 16. The Trusted Server configuration
You must also reconfigure the XML firewall to point to the SSL port of the HTTP listener (in this case the default value of 7083).
To observe this change, an HTTP tunnel is placed between the DataPower appliance and Message Broker and used to observe messages that pass in both directions between the two components. Whilst some of the initial exchange that forms the SSL protocol passes as clear text, after the private keys are established for the session, all data is encrypted.
Message Broker Explorer
Message Broker Explorer (IS02 support pack) now includes a wizard that can configure an XML firewall within the DataPower appliance for connection with HTTP flows provisioned by Message Broker. For more information, see the first article below under "Resources."
This article has demonstrated how you can use a WebSphere DataPower SOA appliance to extend the function provided by WebSphere Message Broker and provide WS-Security of SOAP messages to HTTP message flows. The article also showed how to provide security between WebSphere Message Broker and the DataPower appliance using HTTPS.
|Four message files as described in article||messages.zip||4 KB|
Integrating DataPower with WebSphere Message Broker using the Broker Explorer
This article describes the support for DataPower provided by IS02 the WebSphere Message Broker Explorer SupportPac.
Integrating WebSphere DataPower SOA Appliances with WebSphere MQ"
This article shows you how to configure DataPower to communicate with WebSphere MQ.
The (XML) threat is out there...
This opinion piece describes the threats faced by SOA architectures, specifically from XML, and explains how DataPower addresses these threats.
Patterns: SOA design using WebSphere Message Broker and WebSphere ESB
This IBM Redbook describes patterns for integrating WebSphere ESB with WebSphere Message Broker, and includes a scenario to help you design, develop, and deploy applications using these two products. Chapters 7 and 10 deal specifically with DataPower topics.
DataPower SOA Appliances product page:
Product descriptions, product news, training information, support information, and more.
IS02: WebSphere Message Broker Explorer Plug-in
A WebSphere Message Broker administrator plug-in for WebSphere MQ Explorer that now includes DataPower capabilities.
WebSphere Message Broker developer resources page
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WebSphere Message Broker product page
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WebSphere Message Broker information center
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