Before you start
Learn what these tutorials can teach you and how you can get the most from them.
The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) certifies Linux system administrators at two levels: junior level (also called "certification level 1") and intermediate level (also called "certification level 2"). To attain certification level 1, you must pass exams 101 and 102; to attain certification level 2, you must pass exams 201 and 202.
developerWorks offers tutorials to help you prepare for each of the four exams. Each exam covers several topics, and each topic has a corresponding self-study tutorial on developerWorks. For LPI exam 101, the five topics and corresponding developerWorks tutorials are:
|LPI exam 101 topic||developerWorks tutorial||Tutorial summary|
|Topic 101||LPI exam 101 prep:|
Hardware and architecture
|Learn to configure your system hardware with Linux. By the end of this tutorial, you will know how Linux configures the hardware found on a modern PC and where to look if you have problems.|
|Topic 102||LPI exam 101 prep:|
Linux installation and package management
|Get an introduction to Linux installation and package management. By the end of this tutorial, you will know how Linux uses disk partitions, how Linux boots, and how to install and manage software packages.|
|Topic 103||LPI exam 101 prep:|
GNU and UNIX commands
|Get an introduction to common GNU and UNIX commands. By the end of this tutorial, you will know how to use commands in the bash shell, including how to use text processing commands and filters, how to search files and directories, and how to manage processes.|
|Topic 104||LPI exam 101 prep:|
Devices, Linux filesystems, and the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard.
|Learn how to create filesystems on disk partitions, as well as how to make them accessible to users, manage file ownership and user quotas, and repair filesystems as needed. Also learn about hard and symbolic links, and how to locate files in your filesystem and where files should be placed.|
LPI exam 101 prep:|
The X Window system
|(This tutorial). Learn how to install and maintain the X Window System. See detailed objectives below.|
To pass exams 101 and 102 (and attain certification level 1), you should be able to:
- Work at the Linux command line
- Perform easy maintenance tasks: help out users, add users to a larger system, back up and restore, and shut down and reboot
- Install and configure a workstation (including X) and connect it to a LAN, or connect a stand-alone PC via modem to the Internet
The Linux Professional Institute does not endorse any third-party exam preparation material or techniques in particular. For details, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Welcome to "The X Window System," the fifth of five tutorials designed to prepare you for LPI exam 101. In this tutorial, you learn about setting up the X Window System on Linux. This tutorial covers both major packages for X on Linux: XFree86 and X.Org.
This tutorial is organized according to the LPI objectives for this topic. Very roughly, expect more questions on the exam for objectives with higher weight.
|LPI exam objective||Objective weight||Objective summary|
Install and configure X
|Weight 5||Configure and install X and an X font server. Check that the video card and monitor are supported by your X server, and customize and tune X for the card and monitor. Install an X font server, install fonts, and configure X to use the font server.|
Set up a display manager
|Weight 3||Set up and customize a display manager. Turn the display manager on or off and change its greeting and default bitplanes. Configure display managers for use by X stations, such as the X, GNOME, and KDE display managers.|
Install and customize a window manager environment
|Weight 5||Customize a system-wide desktop environment and window manager, including window manager menus and desktop panel menus. Select and configure an X terminal, and verify and resolve library dependency issues for X applications. Export an X display to a client workstation.|
To get the most from this tutorial, you should have a basic knowledge of Linux and a working Linux system on which to practice the commands covered in this tutorial. You should also be familiar with using GUI applications, preferably under the X Window System.
This tutorial builds on content covered in the previous four tutorials in this series, so you may want to first review the tutorials for topics 101, 102, 103, and 104.
Different versions of a program may format output differently, so your results may not look exactly like the listings and figures in this tutorial.