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Introduction to Apache Maven 2

Sing Li (, Author, Wrox Press
Photo of Sing Li
Sing Li is a consultant and an active author with more than two decades of industry experience. He has contributed to Professional Apache Geronimo, Beginning JavaServer Pages, Professional Apache Tomcat 5, Pro JSP - Third Edition, Early Adopter JXTA, Professional Jini, Beginning J2ME: From Novice to Professional, Third Edition, Professional Apache Geronimo, and numerous other books. Sing also writes for technical magazines and participates in open source communities. He is an evangelist of the open source, VOIP, and P2P movements. You can reach Sing at

Summary:  Modern software projects are no longer solely monolithic creations of single local project teams. With the increased availability of robust, enterprise-grade open source components, today's software projects require dynamic collaboration among project teams and often depend on a mix of globally created and maintained components. Now in its second generation, the Apache Maven build system -- unlike legacy build tools created before the Internet-enabled era of global software development -- was designed from the ground up to take on these modern challenges. This tutorial gets you started with Maven 2.

Date:  19 Dec 2006
Level:  Intermediate

Activity:  152623 views

Downloading and installing Maven 2

Downloading and installing Maven 2 distills down to the following steps:

  1. Download the Maven 2 binaries from the official Maven project site (see Resources).
  2. Unarchive the distribution binaries into a directory of your choice.
  3. Add the InstallationDirectory\bin directory to your PATH variable.

To verify your installation, key the mvn -help command. You'll see the help page shown in Listing 3:

Listing 3. Using the mvn -help command to verify installation
C:\>mvn -help

usage: mvn [options] [<goal(s)>] [<phase(s)>]

 -C,--strict-checksums         Fail the build if checksums don't match
 -c,--lax-checksums            Warn if checksums don't match
 -P,--activate-profiles        Comma-delimited list of profiles to
 -ff,--fail-fast               Stop at first failure in reactorized builds
 -fae,--fail-at-end            Only fail the build afterwards; allow all
                               non-impacted builds to continue
 -B,--batch-mode               Run in non-interactive (batch) mode
 -fn,--fail-never              NEVER fail the build, regardless of project
 -up,--update-plugins          Synonym for cpu
 -N,--non-recursive            Do not recurse into sub-projects
 -npr,--no-plugin-registry     Don't use ~/.m2/plugin-registry.xml for
                               plugin versions
 -U,--update-snapshots         Update all snapshots regardless of
                               repository policies
 -cpu,--check-plugin-updates   Force upToDate check for any relevant
                               registered plugins
 -npu,--no-plugin-updates      Suppress upToDate check for any relevant
                               registered plugins
 -D,--define                   Define a system property
 -X,--debug                    Produce execution debug output
 -e,--errors                   Produce execution error messages
 -f,--file                     Force the use of an alternate POM file.
 -h,--help                     Display help information
 -o,--offline                  Work offline
 -r,--reactor                  Execute goals for project found in the
 -s,--settings                 Alternate path for the user settings file
 -v,--version                  Display version information

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Zone=Java technology, Open source
TutorialTitle=Introduction to Apache Maven 2